IELTS Marshalls

“Fossil fuels cause a lot of damage…”

A week ago, my student was preparing vocabulary and expressions related to the environment. 

She said, “I keep saying ‘cause’ over and over again!”

“Fossil fuels cause a lot of damage.”

“Climate change causes devastation for humans, animals, and plants.”

“Pollution causes global warming.”

She asked me, “What are some other ways to say that one thing causes another thing?”

Here are three different ways you can say this:

Fossil fuels lead to a lot of damage.

Climate change creates devastation for humans, animals, and plants.

Pollution contributes to global warming. 

Remember: a noun follows each of these three phrases! 

  • A lot of damage
  • Devastation
  • Global warming

Native speakers often add the word, “could”, before these phrases:

Fossil fuels could lead to a lot of damage.

Climate change could create devastation.

Pollution could contribute to global warming. 

Remember: “could” is a modal verb, and you shouldn’t conjugate the main verb after it.

Write your own sentence below using one of these three expressions!

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